Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) is a hormonal condition that affects approximately 5- 10% of women in their childbearing ages (12 to 45-years). In this condition, the hormones of a woman go out of balance. It leads to various symptoms, including the absence of ovulation, irregular menstrual periods, difficulty conceiving, weight gain, acne, and hirsutism. PCOD, also known as PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome), if left untreated, can lead to further health complications, like diabetes, obesity, heart diseases, and high cholesterol.
The preliminary signs and symptoms of PCOD usually develop during the first cycle of menstruation at puberty. PCOD may also develop later due to increased weight over the years.
There are various symptoms of PCOD. Some of the common signs are
Increased androgen levels – Excess male sex hormones may result in various physical manifestations, such as excess facial and body hair and male-pattern baldness.
Irregular periods – You may observe irregular periods or delayed menstrual cycle due to the abnormality in maturation of the egg.
Difficulty in getting pregnant due to irregular and delayed or failed ovulation- The abnormal levels of hormones prevent the follicles from maturing and releasing the egg, causing delayed or failed ovulation. This heavily affects the menstrual cycle and thereby your periods. Many women are diagnosed with PCOD when they visit the doctor regarding their unsuccessful attempts at getting pregnant.
Hair loss or excessive thinning of hair – This symptom, too, is due to the increased production of male hormones in the body.
Acne on the skin
Insulin resistance & Lifestyle
About 70% of women with PCOD have peripheral insulin resistance. The pancreas produces insulin, which is a hormone to help the body use sugar from foods for energy. Due to insulin resistance the cells can’t use insulin properly and the body’s demand for insulin increases. To compensate, the pancreas makes more insulin.
Factors of Insulin Resistance:
Insulin resistance as a result of genetic factors
Insulin resistance as a result of being overweight (related to diet and inactivity)
A combination of both of these factors.
Sometimes, a higher weight may worsen insulin resistance and the symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome.Some women with PCOD report that they had never experienced symptoms such as menstrual irregularity or excessive hair growth and are a healthy weight. However, these symptoms only appear once they gain weight.
Diet to Treat PCOD
While many lifestyle recommendations are suggested for those women suffering from PCOD, you are encouraged to follow a PCOD diet with low fat,moderate carbohydrates and high fiber content. This would prevent any sudden upsurge in your blood sugar levels and help you keep a check on your weight. Foods that may be included are
Natural, unprocessed food
Spinach, kale and other leafy vegetables
Foods high in fiber
Broccoli and cauliflower
Nuts and legumes
Our nutritionist will help you
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4 consultations with our trained Nutritionist
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30 days diet plan for 1 month
Guidance on how to consume the medicines
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